|The basic idea of establishing Institute of Standards & Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI) emerged upon the approval of "The Law of Weights and Measures" in 1925. Following the approval of the bill to establish ISIRI in 1960, the Institute became operational within the framework of the specified functions and responsibilities and joined the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in the same year.
In 2011, ISIRI status was set under the direct supervision of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran as it has already been under the supervision of Minister of Industry, Mines and Commerce.
ISIRI has so far developed some 23000 National Standards mainly in the following fields:
· 3127 national standards for Food and agricultural products
· 2890national standards for Chemical and polymer
· 2791national standards for Mechanics and metrology
· 2505 national standards for Automation and vehicles
· 111 national standards for Quality management
· 694 national standards for Service
Duties and Responsibilities of ISIRI:
· Identification, development and publication of National Standards except pharmaceutical
· Determining goods specifications and assessing them according to respective national standards except pharmaceutical
· Promotion of the International System of Units (S.I.)and calibration of measuring instruments
· Hallmarking of precious stones
· Accrediting domestic and international inspection companies, laboratories, standardization experts, management systems and environmental management systems certification bodies
· National authority for welding industry
· Presenting Iranian National Quality Awards to the best qualified selected companies
ISIRI is a member to several regional and international organizations. ISIRI international communications are classified in three categories as followings:
. Membership to international forums and organizations
. Membership to regional associations and organizations
. Mutual cooperation with other National Standards Bodies (NSBs)
|National Standards Development:
Believing the efficacy of applied researches in the rate of productivity, safety, public health, and environment and in general improving the living condition are of the most important components of development. Standardization and applying the rules and regulations of standards are indeed the best approach in line with the realization of national objectives.
Technical committees develop national standards in different fields, in these committees the related and represented experts from ISIRI, stakeholders, academia, industries, and research centers gather. Adoption and publication of national standards take place as per national benefits, technology and conditions provided to conscious participation of entire stakeholders.
According to the guidelines of the national committees’ functions and the policy set for selection technical committees’ members approved by the Supreme Council of Standards, 28 national committees established to develop national standards as per the rules and regulations.
One of the main and most challenging issues for the Muslim countries is the observance of divine laws in supplying Halal food. In this regard, Islamic Republic of Iran has attempted to deliver views emanating from religious beliefs. Some of these measures are as follows:
1- ISIRI 12000, Halal Food - General Guidelines. This standard determines the baseline for compliance requirements and characteristics of raw material and food products (at every stage of the food supply chain) according to the ordinances and the laws of Islam and consistent with the requirements of Ja’fari faith.
2- ISIRI contributes in developing OIC standards and General Guidelines for Halal Food. According to the laws and regulations, ISIRI is the sole official authority for developing both national and international standards for products and services. Therefore, with an emphasis on preserving the common Islamic principles and avoiding conflicts and disputes contributed in development of draft OIC standard based on commonalities of all Islamic Faiths.
3- Approval of Halal logo – according to clause 16 of Article 20 of ISIRI Law, approving the design of standard marks as the governmental mark is the responsibility of the Supreme Council of Standards.
Contribution in the development of International Standards:
In order to contribute in the development of international standards, ISIRI has established an appropriate structure to systemize this contribution such as capacity building and supplying the suitable infrastructure for stakeholders to participate in ISO technical activities and identifying the priorities based on the objectives of ISO action plan and strategic plan for developing countries. ISIRI is a participating member in 215ISO Technical Committees and Sub- Committees and an observer member in 219 ISO's TCs and SCs.
Meanwhile, ISO has delegated the secretariat responsibilities of the following TCs to ISIRI:
1. ISO/ TC 91 (Surface active agents)
2. ISO/ TC 134 (Fertilizers and soil conditioners)
3. ISO/ TC 217 (Cosmetics)
4. ISO/ TC 122 (Packaging), (twinned secretariat with Japan)
5. ISO/ TC 34/ SC 10 (Animal feeding stuffs)
In order to participate effectively in the development of international standards and systemizing this cooperation, several measures have been taken as follows:
1- Establishment of National Mirror Technical Committees as following and holding related meetings at specified time intervals:
.P Practicing ISO’s assembly, council, technical board and technical committees meetings at national level
Practicing IEC’s assembly, council, technical board and technical committees meetings at national level
.E Establishment of coordination council of CODEX ALIMENTARIOUS, National Codex Commission (NCC) and CODEX national mirror committees
Preparing code of conducts and regulations related to contribution in development international standards
3- Preparing a database of participating members
4- Issuing orders and mandates for participating members
5- Creating an informative system on ISIRI website
6- Holding training courses for in charge people of technical committees
7- Monitoring and supervising technical committees activities, especially in terms of timely responding to the international standards drafts
8- Monitoring, supervising and coordinating receiving the comments for standards drafts and submitting them to ISO
9- Identifying and absorbing the specialists throughout the country to collaborate in development of national standards
10- Pursuing and implementing the adoptions of council
11- Capacity assessment of ISIRI Provincial offices and related organizations
12- Participation in regional programs of ECO member states and the Standards and Metrology Institute for the Islamic Countries (SMIIC)
National Mirror Committees
National Mirror Committees are the main core in contribution in the development of international standards. These committees consist of secretariat, secretary, chair, vice chair and members that is a harmonious composition of different stakeholders such as producers, consumers, distributers, ministries, governmental organizations and institutes, research and laboratorial centers, academia, professional associations, engineering and consultation service providers, experts, conformity assessment bodies and ISIRI.
National Mirror Committees are naturally scientific and professional. Amongst the qualified groups interested in contribution in development and revision of international standards, members of these committees are selected. They should set up a secretariat to enable industrial and professional associations’ participation in development of international standards, collecting finalized comments of stakeholders as per national interests and industrial development and then submitting them to the international technical committees.
|Conformity Assessment is any activity to determine, directly or indirectly, that a process, product or service meets relevant technical standards and fulfills relevant requirements. These activities may include testing, inspection and certification.
The Duties and roles of ISIRI in connection with Conformity Assessment:
1- Surveillance implementation of products/ services standards at production sites and distribution centers
2- Issuance, revocation, renewal and suspension of the license to use ISIRI standard mark
3- Issuing products quality certificate prior the order of registration
4- Surveillance implementation of standards at points of goods import and export to make sure about the quality of the products subject to compulsory standards
5- Surveillance implementation of grade standards for precious metals
6- Evaluation and preparing the reports for the qualitative yields of productions subject to compulsory standards
7- Conformity Assessments of products which results in certification includes: technical inspection, sampling, test, inspection and issuing conformity certificate
8- Determining the nature of importing goods and notifying the customs
9- Surveillance implementation of standards for energy consuming equipment and processes
10- Certification of compliance with energy consumption index
ISIRI Measures in connection with Conformity Assessment:
1- Developing TAHA project for the coordinated implementation of standards at supply and sales centers
2- Comprehensive development of Standards project at production and manufacturing establishments
3- Policy making for national welding industry
4- Planning and building infrastructure for implementation of Halal and organic standards
5- Planning, building infrastructure and implementation of standards for agricultural products including contaminants limit
6- Licensing the activities and supervising the performance of domestic and international inspections companies
7- Licensing registration of goods and brands
|Considering the need for international interactions and maintaining the interests of IR of Iran in trade competitions either at national or international levels, the duties and responsibilities of assessing and accreditation of conformity assessment bodies are delegated to ISIRI. Recognizing the need for establishing an independent and impartial center delivering accreditation services, lead to establishment of Iran Accreditation System (IAS) in 1996. During the joint meeting of IAF and ILAC in 2003, IAS signed an MoU with the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and became a member body to this Forum. Later, IAS joined PAC and ILAC; however, the international eligibility of IAS to the mentioned forums is subject to signing MLA and MRA multilateral recognition agreement.
IAS changed its name to National Accreditation Center of Iran (NACI) in 2010 and performs its responsibilities as an independent center under the direct supervision of ISIRI President since 2012.
The responsibility of ISIRI in accreditation:
1- Implementation of legislation and regulations, including Section 7 of the implementing regulations of Article 33 of the Law on Amendment of the Law of the Fourth Economic, Social and Cultural development plan by ceding part of the tenure of the government bodies to accreditation and conformity assessment bodies, including the following bodies:
· Certification Bodies of Management Systems as per ISO/ IEC 17021
· Test and Calibration laboratories as per ISO/IEC 17025 including codes and related regulations
· Inspection Bodies as per ISO/IEC 17020 including codes and related regulations
· Products Certification Bodies as per ISO/IEC 17065
· Bodies certifying persons as per ISO/IEC 17024
· Laboratories providing proficiency testing schemes as per ISO/IEC 17043
· Medical laboratories as per ISO 15189
· Reference material producers as per ISO Guide 34
· Delivering consultancy services according to the codes and related regulations
2- Conducting research and collecting the required information regarding the terms and conditions for accreditation and conformity assessment and analyzing them for the use in preparing the terms and conditions, designing and documentation and implementation of the required management system as per ISO/ IEC 17011 and international regulations
3-Collaboration in preparation and development of needed relevant standards for accreditation of conformity assessment bodies by analyzing the collected information and document and using them in developing the national standards in this field.
4- Providing necessary condition for becoming a member body to international forums and being accepted in International Multilateral and Mutual Recognition Arrangement MLA and MRA by creating and maintaining relationships, cooperation and coordination with regional and international organizations that are active in different fields mentioned above in part 1 and ISO/ CASCO.
5- Keeping interactions with other countries’ accreditation bodies in order to share information, experience and collaborations in executive affairs
6- National registration of accreditation certificates for Bodies, Laboratories and Consultants referring to item 1 above and publishing the relevant list in ISIRI website.
7- Conducting promotional and informative activities concerning terms and conditions and any other issue relating to accreditation of Bodies, Laboratories and Consultants mentioned in item 1 in the most effective way such as holding seminars, workshops and publications.
8- Submitting comments relating to draft international standards related to accreditation, participation in international meetings and forums in order to contribute in the development of international standards
9- Enjoying the expertise and experience of the approved outside assessors and professionals in different fields according to national and international regulations as necessary
10- Identifying and assessing the training needs of NACI staffs and approved outside assessors and professionals, making necessary arrangements for delivering related training and continuous updating of knowledge and capabilities
Training and promotion of standards
|1- Preparing and developing policy, approaches and strategies relating to dissemination of education and awareness about standards throughout the society
2- Planning and setting different educational and advocacy programs for managers, inspectors, standardization experts and quality controllers to reinforce and promote efficiency, productivity and quality of products and services
3- Planning and supervising educational/ promotional schemes in the framework of mission and vision of ISIRI, elimination of defects, problems and improving the quality of products
4- Policymaking, planning and promoting implementation of standards
5- Educational, scientific and technical partnership with industries, academia and governmental organizations
6- Accreditation of associate educational centers and utilizing their scientific and technical capacities in line with dissemination of education and raising awareness about standards in the society
7- Improving technical and scientific knowledge of Quality Control Managers through holding education and retraining
8- Planning the implementation of apprenticeships for Quality Control Managers
9- Fulfilling affairs relating to accreditation of standardization experts (legal and individuals)
|Urbanization and the human need for measurement applications and the necessity for cognitive measure in creating calendar, calculating time, distance, dimension and weight, became ever more essential. With the development of commercial relations among people, metrology experienced fundamental changes and found a particular importance in commerce.
Doing trade especially for export of goods requires having a well-equipped and capable center for metrology. During the previous years, our need for accurate and reliable measuring became more tangible for not only production either in national or international levels but also in other fields such as health, safety, environment, communication, engineering, aerospace, etc.
Metre Convention (also known as the Treaty of the Metre) is an international treaty, signed in Paris on 20 May 1875 by representatives of 17 nations which set up an institute for the purpose of coordinating international metrology and for coordinating the development of the metric system. In 1960, at the 11th meetings of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), the system of units it had established, was overhauled and re-launched as the "International System of Units" (SI). Islamic Republic of Iran joined Metre Convention in 1975.
The first Weights and Measures Law in Iran was adopted in 1925 in 11 articles and two annexes. According to this law, the SI system was announced as the official measuring system in the country. This Law was amended in 1932 in the Parliament. In 1977, parliament adopted Iran’s membership to BIPM and OIML. Due to the pressing necessity, establishing an official organization seemed to be an inevitable concern, which eventually paved the way for the organizational nucleus of the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran in 1952. Later the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran was established in 1960 and ISIRI was recognized as national body for the field of measuring. Metrology, Weights and Measures Center was established in 1975 with the technical assistances of UNIDO, UNDP and UNESCO as the biggest center of its type in Middle East including the labs following:
Mechanical Measuring Department
· Force and mass Metrology
· Dimensional metrology
· Thermal measurement
Electrical Metrology Department
· Calibration and electrical standards
· Materials electrical properties tests
· Lamps and photometric testing
· Calibration, frequency and time standards
· Electrical workshop
With regard to the National Development and touching the cutting edge of industrial countries, national needs for establishment of such a center became more evident. In 2012, Metrology Center of ISIRI prompted to develop the National Metrology Development Strategy program using the latest scientific, academic, research and industrial capabilities. The first and the second five years programs are set as per this program.
In this regard according to the organizational structure of metrological centers in developed and developing countries, the center was established consisting of scientific, industrial and legal deputies. Scientific deputy is responsible for training standardization, research and development. Industrial Deputy embodies 4 laboratory departments consisting of some 30 reference metrology labs of chemical, mechanical, acoustics, electrical quantities and optics. Within legal deputy with respect to its extensive terms of references, there are 50 legal metrology departments relating to controlling measuring equipment in trade, hygienic and etc. are noted and being adopted.